Allergic asthma in adults is a common disease in Turkey as well as in the world. Allergy is an excessively exaggerated and harmful immune response that occurs as a result of an existing genetic predisposition and environmental factors. The disease we call allergic asthma occurs due to the response of our airways inside our lungs to allergens. The most common basic symptoms of allergic asthma are frequent coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath. Asthma has many causes other than allergens. Air pollution and chemicals in the environment also cause asthma. Measures can also be taken according to the answer to the question of how asthma occurred. Therefore, this article will provide important information that can be helpful to all asthmatic patients.

As with all allergic diseases, the most important cause of allergic asthma is genetics. Genetic and environmental factors together unfortunately lead to asthma. Having asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema in the mother and/or father increases the risk of developing asthma.

The most important risk factor for allergic asthma in adults is having an atopic nature. In other words, it is the person’s genetic tendency to develop allergies. Patients with an allergic nature produce antibodies, which we call IgE, against allergens in the environment later in their lives, and these antibodies then cause damage to the small airways in our lungs. As an indicator of this, the presence of allergic rhinitis is an important risk factor for the development of asthma in these patients. Environmental factors include allergens, respiratory tract infections, smoking, air pollution, obesity.

Air pollution can cause asthma

In particular, traffic, construction and industry-related air pollution can cause lung damage and cause asthma. Some of the occupational allergens can cause asthma, especially in bakers, carpenters or healthcare workers exposed to latex.

Diet is a factor influencing the development of asthma.

It has been reported that nutritional models such as natural nutrition and Mediterranean type nutrition are protective against asthma, and fast food type nutrition, which contains many preservatives and additives, also causes the development of asthma.

 What are the causes of asthma?

Allergens, occupation, smoking, air pollution, respiratory tract infections, parasitic infections, socioeconomic status, family size, diet, drugs, obesity are the most common causes.

What are the causes that lead to asthma attacks or the continuation of the complaints?

Allergens inside or outside the home, air pollution, respiratory infections, exercise, hyperventilation, air changes, sulfur dioxide, foods, additives, drugs, psychological factors, smoking, irritants are the first things that come to mind.