Causes of asthma is a common disease in adults in Turkey as well as in the world. Allergy is an impaired, excessively exaggerated and harmful immune response that occurs as a result of a genetic predisposition and the contribution of environmental factors in the person. The disease we call allergic asthma occurs due to the response of our airways inside our lungs to allergens. The most common basic symptoms of allergic asthma are frequent coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath. When the causes of asthma in adults are reviewed, there are many causes other than allergens. Air pollution causes asthma in the same way as chemicals in the environment. Measures can also be taken according to the answer to the question of how asthma occurred. Therefore, this article will provide important information that can be helpful to all asthmatic patients.
Genetics is Very Important in the Development of Asthma
As with all allergic diseases, the most important causes of asthma is genetics. Genetic and environmental factors together unfortunately lead to asthma. Having asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema in the mother and/or father increases the risk of developing asthma. The most important risk factor for allergic asthma is having an atopic structure. In other words, it is the person’s genetic tendency to develop allergies. Patients with an allergic nature may be exposed to the environment later in their lives.
They produce antibodies, which we call IgE, against allergens, and these antibodies then cause damage to the small airways in our lungs. As an indicator of this, the presence of allergic rhinitis is an important risk factor for the development of asthma in this patient.
Environmental Factors are Important in the Development of Asthma
Some of the environmental factors are allergens, respiratory tract infections, smoking, air pollution, obesity.
Air pollution can cause asthma
In particular, traffic, construction and industry-related air pollution can cause lung damage and cause asthma. Some of the occupational allergens can cause asthma, especially in bakers, carpenters or healthcare workers exposed to latex.
Diet is a factor influencing the development of asthma.
It has been reported that nutritional models such as natural nutrition and Mediterranean diet are protective against asthma, as well as fast food type nutrition, which contains many preservatives and additives, also causes the development of asthma.
What Causes Asthma Attacks or Continuation of Complaints?
Allergens inside or outside the house, air pollution, respiratory infections, exercise, hyperventilation, air changes, sulfur dioxide, foods, additives, drugs, psychological factors, smoking, irritants are the first things that come to our minds.