Urticaria is the most common skin disease, which manifests as itchy redness and swelling on the skin and can disappear without spontaneous symptoms within 24 hours. Urticaria is often called a skin rash, which suddenly occurs in patients and can subsequently disappear in the same way. Although hives are on the skin, it can usually be accompanied by swelling in the tissues under the skin, that is, angioedema. Along with urticaria, swollen angioedema can be seen on the lips, tongue, arms, legs and genitals.
Symptoms of Urticaria
Urticaria often has a pale, itchy rash on the surface of the skin, ranging in size from a few millimeters to several centimeters. It happens suddenly in any area of our body. Bubbles and redness on the skin can be as large as several collected needle heads together. Blisters look white or red.
When the bubbles begin to disappear, redness may appear around them, then the red spots disappear and the skin returns to normal. As a rule, the lesions disappear without a trace between 24 and 48 hours.
If complaints about hives last less than 6 weeks, acute urticaria if lasts longer than 6 weeks, it is called chronic urticaria. Chronic urticaria is a disease that must be emphasized and under which it is necessary to investigate diseases.
What are the causes of urticaria?
It is important to know what was urticaria, acute or chronic? Acute urticaria occur more often and can cause a number of main causes, but the most common causes are infections, food and medications. Chronic urticaria very seriously affects the quality of life, and under it there may be many diseases. The causes of chronic urticaria include autoimmune diseases of the thyroid gland, rheumatic diseases, infections and malignant neoplasms, other than allergic diseases.
Chronic urticaria is influenced by environmental factors, such as heat, cold, sunlight, emotional stress and exercise cause complaints about urticaria.
Urticaria should be evaluated by an allergist in case of acute or chronic, because urticaria can sometimes be the first sign of other diseases.
How to treat urticaria?
Urticaria can occur due to many reasons, so first you need to find out these reasons. If there is a major disease, then treatment of this disease is necessary.
The most common drugs used to treat urticaria are antihistamines. If antihistamines can be combined with other drugs, but not enough, you can use cortisone or other immunosuppression.
The most important treatment recently developed in chronic urticaria is the treatment of Anti-IgE. It is used as a very effective drug for the treatment of chronic urticaria. This is the most effective method of treatment in patients with hives, especially those who have no reason.
Urticaria is a disease that can suddenly arise and disappear in exactly the same way. Urticaria is a disease that seriously worsens the quality of life. Among the causes of urticaria, there may be many diseases, and sometimes the disease can not be detected, which can lead to even greater stress in patients. It is important that patients with urticaria complaints are evaluated by allergy doctors, and the study was carried out correctly, and the treatment was carried out properly.