Common allergy diseases in adults include allergy-related diseases seen in individuals aged 18 years and older. In this section, the main allergic diseases in adults will be discussed.
What are the Common Allergy Diseases in Adults?
- Allergic asthma
- Allergic rhinitis (allergic rhinitis)
- Allergic conjunctivitis (eye allergy)
- Food allergy
- Drug allergy
- Latex allergy
- Bee allergy
- Urticaria (hives) and angioedema
- Contact dermatitis (skin contact allergy)
- Atopic dermatitis (eczema)
- Anaphylaxis (allergic shock)
Allergy can manifest itself at any age
Adults may have an allergic history from childhood or may appear unexpectedly. Some of the allergies we see in older ages can also be seen when we look at the past years. Allergic rhinitis and asthma are the most common allergic diseases in adults. Food allergies can sometimes begin later in life or continue through childhood. Urticaria (hives) may appear more in later years. Unfortunately, drug allergy, which can be fatal, is more common in adults. Bee allergies and fatal reactions can be seen more frequently in adult patients. Contact allergies in later ages may occur more frequently as many chemical substances and cosmetic products that we come into contact with throughout our lives become more common. All kinds of angioedema, which may be associated with hereditary angioedema or other diseases, and skin itching of which the cause cannot be determined, eczema, atopic dermatitis can also be seen frequently in adults.
What Diseases Do Adult Allergists Deal With?
Adult allergic disease specialists are most often associated with allergic rhinitis, respiratory allergies that often result in allergic asthma after hay fever, and serious life-threatening allergies such as food allergy, drug allergy, bee allergy, latex allergy, and more effective contact allergy, urticaria, on the skin and deals with diseases such as eczema, atopic dermatitis, hereditary angioedema.
Adult allergic diseases should be dealt with only by adult allergic diseases specialist.
Adult allergy specialists are responsible for these allergic diseases that develop after the age of 18. Because they receive training on the diagnosis and treatment of allergic diseases seen in adults in the most detailed way. They help adult patients for the diagnosis and treatment of allergic diseases, especially under the training they receive on internal medicine and allergic diseases.
Diagnosis of allergic diseases in adults is very important, or what is the importance of treatment?
Since the treatment of allergic diseases that start in adults at an advanced age is not short-term, but can last for years, it is very important to make the diagnosis correctly. Although there are often difficulties in diagnosing allergic diseases, the main problem is how to treat them after diagnosis. Misdiagnosis can result in unnecessary long-term treatment. The golden rule in treatment is to make a definitive diagnosis and treat the child with the least amount of treatment without harming the child. While the treatments for allergic diseases can sometimes be easily treated with precautions and medications, they can turn into life-threatening problems with unnecessary and inappropriate treatments. For this, it is necessary to have sufficient education and to have a certificate of expertise in this regard.
How Do I Know if a Doctor Is an Adult Allergy Specialist?
The safest proof of the certificate of expertise is the presence of the title of “Allergy Specialist” on the stamp of the physician. Because often, words such as asthma and allergy department, allergy department, founder and president of allergy association are used to make people think like an allergist. It is also suggested to have allergy congress participation documents or certificates.
Allergic Diseases Increase in Adults
Allergies that we do not think about or that did not cause complaints before may occur in advanced ages. Similar to the increase in adults in childhood, the frequency of allergic diseases is increasing rapidly in Turkey as well as all over the world. There are many reasons for this. Environmental factors that affect us in our lives play the most important role in this change.
As a result;
- Adult Allergy Specialists should deal with allergies that occur after the age of 18.
- Diagnosis and treatment planning of allergic diseases in adults is very important.
- Environmental factors and other causes increase allergy in Turkey as well as in the rest of the world.