Allergic diseases in the world as well as in Turkey continues to increase with each day. Allergic diseases are common in children and adults. Allergy is a hypersensitive reaction to substances that enter the body or come into contact with the immune system. A substance that causes an allergic reaction is called an allergen. We will explain in detail about allergy diseases and symptoms in our article.

What Are Allergic Diseases?

It is a hypersensitive reaction to substances entering or contacting the body from the immune system. While the allergy sometimes manifests itself with very mild symptoms, sometimes it manifests itself with symptoms that are life-threatening. The abnormal response of our body may vary from person to person.

Types and Symptoms of Allergies

Allergy symptoms vary according to the types of allergies. Major types;

Allergic Asthma Symptoms

Its main symptoms are frequent cough, cough that wakes you up at night, wheezing, shortness of breath, cough after exercise.

Allergic Rhinitis (Allergic Flu) Symptoms

It manifests itself with symptoms such as frequent sneezing, nasal itching, flu, nasal congestion, nosebleeds, itchy palate, and nasal discharge.

Eye Allergies Symptoms

It is manifested by watering, itching and redness in the eyes.

Atopic Dermatitis (Eczema) Symptoms

Especially in babies, itchy rashes on cheeks, neck, arms and legs are manifested by itchy rash in the joints and dry skin as the age grows.

Food Allergy Symptoms

It manifests itself with symptoms such as redness around the lips, hives, eczema, mucus in the poop, blood in the poop, reflux, constipation, colic pain after food intake.

Urticaria (Hives) Symptoms

It is an itchy skin disease that manifests itself with itchy plaques. The rashes are itchy and pale in the middle. It can develop spontaneously or as a result of various stimuli such as cold, heat and pressure.

Drug Allergy Symptoms

It manifests itself in the form of allergic skin reactions in the form of hives after drug intake. It can also manifest itself with symptoms up to allergic shock within minutes after the intravenous and intravenous drug administration.

Insect Allergy Symptoms

It is an allergic skin reaction manifested by itching and swelling after bites or bites of insects such as bees, mosquitoes, and ants.

Pollen Allergy Symptoms

During the pollen season, when pollens enter the body through breathing, it shows itself with symptoms such as sneezing, nasal itching, nasal congestion, watery eyes, frequent cough, and breath tightness.

Skin Allergy Symptoms

They are allergic diseases that manifest as symptoms of various allergic diseases such as urticaria, eczema, contact allergies.

Contact Allergies Symptoms

It is an allergic disease that manifests itself with itchy rashes on the skin after contact with substances that come into contact with the body.

Latex Allergies Symptoms

It is an allergic disease that manifests itself with itchy allergic reactions on the skin after contact with those who are allergic to rubber substance.

Hereditary Angioedema Symptoms

It is a congenital disease that manifests itself with swelling and pain, which we call edema in the body.

Allergic Shock (Anaphylaxis) Symptoms

It is the most serious form of allergy and a life-threatening condition. It is a serious allergic reaction manifested by sudden hives, low blood pressure, rapid heart rate, and fainting.

Causes of Allergy

The most important cause of allergies is genetics. In fact, a person with a genetic background has a very high chance of developing an allergic disease. Allergic diseases occur with the effect of genetic background and environmental factors.

Most Common Allergens

The most common allergens are allergens such as house dust mites, pollens, molds, pet allergens, foods, drugs, cosmetics, metals, and the most common allergens. While house dust mite allergens are at the forefront, especially in cities near the sea, allergy to pollen in arid areas far from the sea is the leading cause of allergen.

Allergy Treatment

It is possible to categorize it under 3 main subheadings: prevention treatment, drug therapy and allergy vaccine treatment. Prevention treatment is an allergen avoidance treatment that causes allergies. For this reason, especially if there is a food allergy, allergic food is avoided, and avoidance methods against house dust mites are applied in allergic asthma due to house dust mite allergy.


In drug treatment, there are treatment methods used as comforting and curative that eliminate the symptoms of allergic diseases. With this method, the symptoms of allergic disease are eliminated and their recurrence is prevented.

Allergy Vaccine Therapy

Vaccine treatment is a treatment method that can be applied in allergic asthma, allergic rhinitis and bee allergy diseases that can be treated with allergy vaccine. In this method, the allergen that causes allergic disease is given to the body and is a treatment method applied to increase the body’s immunity against this allergen.

As a result, the types and symptoms of allergic diseases vary widely. Symptoms of allergic diseases also differ according to their types. Treatment methods differ according to the types of allergies.