Allergic eczema (atopic dermatitis) is a chronic skin disease that usually occurs in early childhood, in the form of itching, with improvement and exacerbation. This occurs when genetic (inheritance) and environmental factors interact.
Symptoms of Allergic Eczema?
The most important symptom is itching, dryness and redness of the skin, known as eczema. Depending on the age, location, remaining on the skin change. This can be seen on the cheeks and neck of the child, and then on the back, knees and elbow. The results vary depending on the severity of the disease.
How to diagnose an allergic eczema?
Diagnosis is made by a medical history and examination results. There is no laboratory test to diagnose allergic eczema. Most patients have a high total IgE. Food allergy occurs in half of patients, especially in the first 2 years and higher in children with severe eczema.These products are often the cow’s milk, eggs, wheat, peanuts, fish and shellfish. Respiratory allergens such as house dust mites, pet allergens and pollen can also cause allergic reactions in patients with atopic dermatitis.
These allergens can be diagnosed by blood tests and allergy tests. In addition, you can conduct some tests to distinguish diseases that are mixed with allergic eczema
How to treat an allergic eczema?
Today we can prevent and control the exacerbation of the disease with accepted precautionary measures and applied drugs that prevent allergic eczema.
Most importantly, if a food allergy is detected, then it should be avoided. It is necessary to keep the skin moist by frequent bathing and moisturizing. Avoid pruritus and irritant stimulants of the environment to prevent deterioration of the disease (for example, appropriate clothing, room temperature adjustment) to avoid exacerbation of the disease and the inability to control it with protective measures that are applied to the skin, and oral medications are used for sedation and control .
As a result;
Allergic eczema in most of the children improved with increasing age. Elimination is observed in 60% of children aged 5-6 years. Only about 5% of patients have allergic eczema observed in adulthood. Starting at an early age, with severe symptoms of allergic eczema in children less restored where the disease occurs in the family. Allergic tests do not affect recovery.