The most troubling disease of the winter season and the most common infectious disease is the flu. There is almost no one who does not get this disease. We have written information about this disease for you to learn a little more detail.
What is the Flu?
Infectious respiratory disease caused by influenza viruses is called flu.
What are the symptoms?
It progresses with symptoms such as sudden onset of fever, weakness, muscle pain, sore throat, cold and cough. It can cause nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and ear inflammation and predispose to pneumonia. It can be condemned to bed for 3-7 days due to fever above 39 degrees, severe muscle aches and weakness. Sometimes, although very rarely, it can have serious consequences such as brain inflammation, which we call encephalitis.
How Is It Transmitted?
Airborne transmission of the disease virus occurs especially in closed and crowded spaces. It can happen with droplets that spread around and smear on the hands while coughing and sneezing. It can be transmitted by objects that have come into contact with the mouth and nasal discharge of sick people.
What is the Difference Between the Common Cold and the Flu?
The common cold is a disease that manifests itself with symptoms such as mild malaise, runny nose, sneezing, without fever, and does not require bed rest because it does not cause fatigue.
How Should the Disease Be Treated?
Symptoms due to flu are treated. Fever is reduced, runny nose is eliminated, weakness and malaise are eliminated. Plenty of liquid and fruit juice can be consumed. Bed rest is recommended. Antibiotics are unnecessary.
How to Avoid?
In order to be protected from flu, the decrease in body resistance should be prevented first. It is necessary to dress according to seasonal characteristics, it is necessary to eat plenty of juicy foods. Fresh vegetables and fruits should be consumed. People suffering from this disease should be avoided and should avoid using common items.
Antibiotics are not given to the flu
Antibiotics are given immediately when there is flu and fever. This is wrong. Antibiotics do not affect the flu. However, antibiotics may be required if sinusitis has developed in flu disease that exceeds 10 days and pneumonia has developed. The indicator of these situations is a fever that rises to 39 degrees, which is understood by a doctor’s examination. Therefore, if your flu has not improved in 10 days, it is useful to go to the doctor.
Why is the influenza important in asthma patients?
For asthma patients, influenza can cause a crisis. The most common cause (80%) of an asthma attack is influenza infections. Therefore, vaccination is recommended for asthma patients.
As a result;
- It is a common disease.
- It is necessary to rest and take plenty of fluids in treatment.
- Antibiotics are useless for the flu.
- After the flu, sinusitis, ear inflammation and pneumonia may develop.