Food allergy is an undesirable effect on health which is repetitive at each intake associated with an abnormal response of the immune system to a food. It is very important because it can cause very serious life-threatening reactions. The food allergies branch deals with such situations.
What are the risk factors for food allergy?
Food allergy develops as a result of genetic, environmental causes and gene-environment interaction. Food allergy is more common especially in children with allergic disease in their parents or siblings. However, since a single gene is not responsible, this effect is in the form of predisposed.
Male sex; Asian or black race;disappearance of beneficial microbes of intestine; deficiency of vitamin D, omega 3 and antioxidant food intake; use of antacid drugs; obesity and delayed introduction of additional nutrients are suggested as risk factors that increase food allergies.
No association was found between childhood vaccines and food allergies.
What are the most common causes of food allergy?
The most common foods are milk, eggs, soy, peanuts, nuts, wheat, fish and shellfish. Cow’s milk, eggs, soy and wheat allergy are most common in children, while peanuts, nuts and seafood can occur at any age.
Which doctor should be taken to for a child with a suspected food allergy?
If your child have symptoms of food allergies, it is helpful to take your child to a pediatric allergy specialist. Because pediatric allergy specialists are the most educated and experienced experts in this field.
- Food allergy is manifested by a variety of symptoms and there can be life-threatening severe reactions. If the correct diagnosis is not made and the diet is not started as soon as possible, dangerous reactions may occur, and in case of misdiagnosis, unnecessary diet may affect the health of the mother and the child.
- A wide variety and multiple nutrients can cause allergies. Therefore, the diagnosis of food allergy is difficult and should be evaluated by a trained and experienced doctor.
- Food allergy may be the first disease that occurs in allergy-prone children. The risk of developing asthma and allergic diseases increases with the age of a child with food allergies who have not been diagnosed and treated. For this reason, the symptoms of asthma and allergic diseases should be carefully evaluated and should be followed by an experienced specialist.
At which age the allergy test for food allergy should be done?
Skin allergy testing can be performed after 1 month old. Since food allergies begin in infancy, the test should be performed when suspected. The knowledge that a skin allergy test can be done after three or five years old is certainly not accurate.
Istanbul Food Allergy Branch Tests;
- Skin prick test
- Patch test
- Food provocation test
- Metal allergy test
- Serum allergy test
- Penicillin and other antibiotic allergy tests
- Local anesthetic and general anesthetic allergy tests
What should I pay attention to when I come to have an Allergy Test?
Some drugs that may affect the results of allergy tests should be discontinued 1 week before the allergy test. Some of these drugs; cough syrups, cold medicine, allergy drugs. Antibiotic and inhaled drugs do not affect allergy tests. During the allergy test, the child should be free of breathlessness.
From what age can the allergy test be performed?
Although it can be done at any age, food tests can be performed from 1-2 months old. For asthma and allergic rhinitis, allergy tests can be performed from the age of 1-2.
As a result;
- The frequency of food allergies is increasing all over the world.
- Food allergies may occur at any age, but is more common in children.
- Although the most important cause of food allergy in children is genetic, many environmental factors also affect the development of allergy.
- Food allergy occurs with a wide variety of symptoms. There may be symptoms ranging from mild redness and itching to a shock called anaphylaxis.
- In the diagnosis of food allergies, the allergy test can be performed after 1 month old.
- Blood and / or skin allergy tests alone may not be able to diagnose food allergies. The most reliable method is food provocation test.
- It is very important that the child with food allergies is evaluated and diagnosed and monitored by an experienced pediatric allergy specialist.
- The most important point in treatment is to avoid food that causes allergies until tolerance develops.
- Adrenaline auto injector should be present in children with severe reactions and should be performed immediately as a life-saver until hospitalization.
- Approximately half of the patients are allergic to the food, depending on the severity of the disease and the system taken, tolerance develops around 5 years old.
- Immunotherapy (vaccine therapy) may be attempted by pediatric allergy specialists experienced in cases where tolerance is delayed.